Any technique that treats problems in your brain is referred to as brain surgery. Your central nervous system includes your brain. It regulates your ability to speak, move, think, and recall information. The goal of brain surgery is to address disorders without interfering with these vital activities.
A surgeon may remove part of your brain or abnormal growth in your brain, such as a tumor, during brain surgery. Surgeons can also repair damaged regions of your brain, such as blood veins that are leaking.
In some cases, brain surgery necessitates a brain incision (cut). However, numerous procedures can gain access to your brain via your nose, mouth, or even a small cut in your leg. The risks of minimally invasive brain surgery are lower than those of open brain surgery, and you will recover faster.
Why is brain surgery needed?
There are various reasons why a person needs brain surgery:
- Arteriovenous malformations
- Blood clots in the brain
- Tumors in the brain
- Brain conditions like Parkinson’s disease
- Injuries of the head
- Damage in the brain
After the brain surgery, there are certain guidelines to follow to ensure you have a safe recovery after the complex procedure.
You’ll be admitted to the hospital for observation following your procedure. You may just need to remain one to two days for less invasive procedures like endovascular surgery. However, you may need to stay in the hospital for up to ten days after an open craniotomy.
To prevent brain swelling and seizures, you may continue to receive steroids or anti-seizure drugs. You may also require neurorehabilitation to regain some of your abilities. Physical therapists, speech-language pathologists, and occupational therapists may be involved. If necessary, they can assist you with regaining strength, movement, speaking abilities, and the ability to complete daily duties. Reach out to a neurosurgery doctor in Coimbatore for brain-related injuries.
If brain tissue is damaged but not destroyed by a stroke or a head accident, the tissue can eventually restore its function. Recovery might take anywhere from six months to many years, although rehabilitation can help speed up and complete the process. The function of brain tissue that has been damaged cannot be recovered, but other sections of the brain can learn to take up some of the responsibilities of the destroyed area.
This learning process can be aided by rehabilitation. It is impossible to anticipate the amount and rate of functional recovery with accuracy. As a result, rehabilitation begins as soon as a person’s medical condition is stable. Early rehabilitation also helps to avoid consequences including muscular shortening (contractures), muscle weakness, and depression.
A thorough assessment of the individual, including psychological testing, aids the rehabilitation team in determining the nature and severity of the damage. Members of the team then examine which lost functions might benefit from rehabilitation therapy and design a programme that is tailored to the individual’s needs.
The person’s overall health, range of motion, muscle strength, bowel and bladder function, functional abilities prior to the brain damage, social situation, learning capacity, motivation, coping skills, and readiness to participate in a rehabilitation programme all play a role in rehabilitation success.
Exercises incoordination may also be required. The unaffected limb is sometimes restrained by therapists (called constraint-induced movement therapy). People with a partially paralyzed arm, for example, may do daily activities such as eating, cleaning, grooming, writing, and opening doors while wearing a mitt or sling on their unaffected arm. This technique helps the brain remodel itself to use the weaker or paralyzed limb.
Some issues caused by brain injury necessitate specialized treatments, such as gait or ambulation training, coordination and balance improvement, spasticity (involuntary muscle contractions), or compensating for vision or speech problems. People who have difficulty walking, for example, may be taught how to avoid falling. Occupational therapy can help with coordination issues.
Muscle stiffness can be temporarily reduced by heat or cold therapy, allowing muscles to be stretched. People with one-sided blindness may be taught how to avoid knocking into door frames or other obstacles by rotating their heads to the affected side, for example.
A stroke or any type of brain injury, particularly a concussion, might make it difficult to think clearly (cognition). Orientation, attention and concentration, perception, comprehension, learning, thought structure, problem-solving, memory, and communication are all issues that people may face. The type of problems that people have is determined by the injury. Cognitive rehabilitation is a lengthy process that must be adapted to each individual’s needs and requires one-on-one care.
The objectives are to retrain the brain and teach problem-solving techniques. Tasks like tying a shoe, for example, are broken down into small sections and practiced. Cues such as verbal hints, gestures, and color-coding items, as well as verbal, visual, and tactile (touch) cues, assist people to learn and remembering how to complete the task.
After brain surgery, everyone recovers in their own unique way. Less invasive brain procedures can take weeks to recover from. It could take months to recover from a major procedure such as a craniotomy.
When it’s safe to return to work and routine activities, consult your healthcare practitioner. They can make particular recommendations based on the operation you had. In the weeks and months following surgery, it’s critical to keep all of your follow-up appointments at one of the top hospital in Coimbatore.
These sections are intended to provide general guidelines. Your recovery may be different. Before you are discharged, your doctor will explain the specific care instructions to you in the recovery center.
After your medical team has determined that sufficient time has passed and your vital signs have improved, you will be allowed to go home. Your discharge date will depend on several factors including the location and extent of the tumor and any brain areas affected. The discharge day can be as short as one day, or longer than one week depending on the extent of the surgery. After you are cleared to discharge, your doctor will give you discharge instructions. These include how to take care of your incisions, how to manage medications, how to handle any signs that indicate you may have an infection, how to transition out of the surgery center.
The medical team can help you determine if you require additional care in your home. They can also recommend Occupational Therapists and Speech Therapists as well as traveling nurses. While PTs are focused on strength and balance, OTs can help patients learn or perform everyday tasks such as dressing, toileting, hygiene, and safe cooking. Speech therapists are able to help patients with difficulty swallowing or speech impairments.